Why the future is 5G for India
Ciena India discusses how the network requirements of telecom operators have changed over the years. This article was originally published in Silicon India.
How have the network requirements of telecom operators changed over the years?
India’s telecom industry is surging as we are currently the world’s second-largest telecom market with a subscriber base of 1.18 billion, according to the Department of Telecommunications. Video, gaming, cloud services, IoT, and many other trends have emerged in recent years, bringing new opportunities and challenges for network providers.
From a mobile broadband perspective, consumers today are relying on mobile devices more than ever before with apps like WhatsApp and Hotstar gaining massive widespread popularity – in fact, close to 98 percent of India’s 1.2 billion total telecom subscriptions are for wireless services according to TRAI.
With unprecedented levels of data consumption and the forthcoming move to 5G, service providers are continuously under pressure to maintain robust and scalable networks
As more consumers work from home, especially during today’s global pandemic, the adoption of residential broadband will likely accelerate with schools going online and more employees working remotely. Enterprise connectivity could take a hit as working at home becomes more of the norm and they work to determine a strategy for moving workloads into the cloud to be accessed from home.
These rapidly evolving trends require network operators to strengthen their networks. We are seeing investments made in packet optical and advanced software to transform networks to be more flexible, agile and adaptive.
Network operators can visualize performance data to continually optimize their networks and deliver a differentiated quality of experience to end-users, both humans and machines. Software enables service providers to meet service level agreements while also controlling service delivery costs.
Areas targeted for 5G coverage require lots of fibre to be successful, and not just for capacity reasons, but also to meet the other 5G performance goals related to network diversity, availability, and coverage. For example, one of our customers – Airtel – is building one of the world’s largest photonic control plane networks to support 5G.